Garlic is used in so many recipes that no herb or vegetable garden would be complete without it. The best time to plant garlic is between September and November, according to the experts at Sandhill Farms in Eden Valley, Utah. Planting about three weeks before the first hard freeze of the season will give the garlic time to develop some roots before winter.
Select a garden location that gets at least eight hours of full sunlight a day. Plant garlic in virtually any soil in Utah that provides good drainage.
Loosen the top 8 to 10 inches of the soil. Remove all weeds. Mix in 4 inches of well-aged compost or rotted manure to enrich the soil and improve drainage.
Crack the bulbs and plant the largest, healthiest cloves. Crack the bulbs no more than 24 hours before planting time.
Plant the cloves with pointed end up, about 2 inches below the surface. Position planting rows 8 inches apart, with cloves planted every 6 inches. Plant garlic in tighter spacing, if you wish, but this may limit the size of the bulbs when mature.
Spread 4 inches of mulch, such as wood chips, straw, shredded bark, leaves or grass clippings, over the planting area. Add more mulch, if necessary, when when the ground freezes. Remove the mulch after the last frost in spring.
Provide at least 1 inch of water per week after removing the mulch. Weed the planting area often to minimize competition for nutrients. Mulch again to keep the weeds down after the garlic stems have broken the surface.
Harvest the garlic when roughly half of the leaves have died back and turned yellow. Reduce watering when the foliage turns yellow, and halt watering two weeks before harvesting.
Store the garlic in a cool, dry location. Soft-neck varieties are excellent for long term storage.