France is well-known for its famous selections of wines and cheeses, but this diverse country is also home to many beautiful indigenous flowers. Native French flowers are some of the most commonly recognized flowers across the globe and are grown in many different countries throughout the world. During their blooming seasons, French flowers add bright splashes of color throughout many different types of landscapes.
The purple iris is considered the emblem of France. Iris (Iris pseudacorus) blooms in a wide array of colors, including blue, white, yellow, pink and purple. Blooming typically begins in March and often continues throughout the summer months. Two of the most common types of irises in the United States are the bearded-iris and the Siberian iris. These hardy perennials grow very easily with minimal maintenance and prefer full sun and moist, well-drained soil, according to the North Dakota University website. Iris is hardy in USDA planting zones 3 to 11.
The lily family is comprised of many different varieties that come in all shapes, colors and sizes. Although blooming periods vary slightly with each species, lilies typically begin to produce flowers in the spring and continue to blossom into the early fall, according to Botany.com. Lily flowers come in a wide array of colors, including white, orange, red, yellow, pink and lavender. Known for their longevity, lilies are popular as fresh cut flowers, often living for more than a week. Hardy in USDA planting zones 3 to 8, lilies flourish in partial shade with moist, well-drained soil.
The rosemary bush (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a pretty evergreen shrub. This bush can grow to a height of 6 feet and a width of 4 to 5 feet. In the late winter or early spring, flowers begin to appear in clusters of two or three. Although the most common color is a pale blue, depending on the cultivar, these tiny 1-inch flowers bloom in several other colors, including pink, dark blue and yellow, according to Floridata. The rosemary bush grows well in warm climates with mild winters. This plant requires full sunlight and prefers sandy, well-drained soil. This bush is hardy in USDA planting zones 8 to 10, with the exception of the cultivar "Arp" being hardy to zone 7.
The red poppy (Papaver rhoeas), a native plant in almost all of Europe, is one of the world's most well-known wildflowers. This annual flower is often found growing quickly throughout French meadows. Red poppy blooms prolifically from early spring until the first frost, producing pretty 2- to 3-inch pure red flowers, according to the Outside Pride website. This plant does well in full sun with moist, well-drained soil. Red poppy thrives in USDA planting zones 3 to 9.