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How to Grow Cherry Trees in Oklahoma

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How to Grow Cherry Trees in Oklahoma

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Overview

Cherries are a very popular fruit with many different varieties grown across North America. The hot, dry climate and variable soil conditions in the southern central state of Oklahoma present some challenges for growing cherry trees. Visit your local nursery or garden center for advice on what varieties grow well in your area. Decide whether you want sour cherries for baking or sweet cherries for fresh fruit. Sour cherry trees are usually self-pollinating but most sweet varieties are cross-pollinators. Unless you plan to plant more than one tree, choose a self-pollinating sweet cherry cultivar such as Stella or Lapins.

Step 1

Purchase a good quality cherry tree from a reputable supplier. It should be suitable for plant hardiness zones 6 or7 depending on what part of Oklahoma you live in. Buy a one- or two-year-old tree and plant in either spring or fall.

Step 2

Choose an open area that gets plenty of sunlight. Pick a site with well-drained soil, if you are fortunate enough to have some. Many area of Oklahoma are covered with medium to heavy clays. Despite much advice to the contrary, it is best not to add sand or organics as an amendment when planting in clay. Roots may turn in to the richer soil of the planting hole rather than naturally spreading to form a good foundation for the tree.

Step 3

Check the pH level of the soil at the planting site. Optimal pH for cherry trees is between 6.2 and 6.8. Lime can be added to lower pH while sulfur is used to raise it. Contact your local Oklahoma State University county extension office for help with soil testing and how to correct your pH level.

Step 4

Make your planting hole twice the width of the root ball or container. Dig the hole deep enough so that the base of the tree trunk will be an inch or two above grade after planting. Give the tree an inch or two of water when planted and water frequently, especially during hot weather.

Step 5

Cover the area around the tree with 4 to 6 inches of mulch such as wood chips or shredded bark. This is especially important if you have clay soil as the mulch is an effective way to change the soil to loam. To avoid rot problems, do not let the mulch touch the trunk.

Step 6

Prune the cherry tree in the fall by removing dead wood and thinning out central branches to allow light into the interior. Choosing fertilizer for the tree depends on your soil conditions. Consult your county extension office for advice based on the results of your soil test.

Tips and Warnings

  • Call Oklahoma One-Call at least 48 hours before you dig to locate underground services that may interfere with the planting site.

Things You'll Need

  • Young cherry tree
  • Shovel
  • Garden hose
  • Mulch
  • Pruning shears

References

  • Oklahoma State University Extension: Home Fruit Planting Guide
  • Washington State University Extension: The Myth of Soil Amendments Part II
Keywords: cherry trees Oklahoma, grow cherries Oklahoma, Oklahoma cherry growing

About this Author

Based in Surrey, British Columbia, Stephen Oakley is a freelance writer focusing on environmental issues, travel and all things outdoors. His background includes many years spent working in the Canadian wilderness and traveling worldwide.