How to Grow a Plant From a Bean

Overview

Beans favor warm climates and fertile, crumbly soil. They won't grow in cold weather or in boggy ground. Train pole bean varieties on garden canes or a trellis. Bush beans grow in a wider bush pattern, but they take up more space and often produce less of a crop over a season. Most commercially available packet beans are treated with fungicide, improving the chances of germination. Growing a plant from a grocery store bean or straight from the pod runs the risk of rotting before it has a chance to get established.

Step 1

Till an area of your garden to a depth of 8 to 10 inches with a spade, loosening any clods of dirt and removing weeds, according to Texas A&M University. If the soil is sandy or light, add composted manure to help drainage. Rake the soil surface level.

Step 2

Test the ground pH levels, using a tester. Ideal pH for beans is slightly acidic at levels from 5.8 to 6.3, according to Ohio State University. Adjust the soil pH by adding lime or sulfur as required.

Step 3

Work in a cup of low-nitrogen fertilizer, such as 5-10-10, 6 inches deep for every 50 feet of bean row, according to Purdue University.

Step 4

Sow seeds after your local last frost date. For much of the United States, the last frosts occur in May. Ensure ground temperatures are at least 50 degrees Fahrenheit before planting.

Step 5

Space bean seeds around 6 inches apart, leaving a gap of just under 2 feet per row. Push beans 1 inch into dry soil, then water after sowing. Insert 10-foot garden canes near the planted seeds. Either set up in a circle, with canes leaning into the middle and tied for support, or in a row.

Step 6

Water the bean plants about once every week in dry summer months. Keep the soil moist. Gently remove weeds that pop up around the beans, but don't use a large hoe or you could damage the bean roots.

Step 7

Harvest snap beans early when they're green and tender. Shell beans appear later in the season. Dry beans, such as kidney beans, may not arrive until fall, when the shells go dry and beans rattle inside.

Things You'll Need

  • Bean packet
  • Spade
  • Rake
  • Composted manure
  • Lime or sulfur
  • Ground pH tester
  • 5-10-10 fertilizer
  • 10-foot garden canes
  • Garden twine

References

  • Oho State University: Growing Peas and Snap Beans in the Home Garden
  • University of Illinois Extension: Beans
  • Purdue University: Growing Beans in the Home Vegetable Garden
  • Texas A&M University: Easy Gardening--Beans

Who Can Help

  • Farmer's Almanac: Frost Chart for the United States
Keywords: growing bean plants, plants from beans, bean growing tips, growing pole beans, grow a bean

About this Author

Based near London, U.K., Peter Mitchell has been a journalist and copywriter for over eight years. Credits include stories for "The Guardian" and the BBC. Mitchell is an experienced player and coach for basketball and soccer teams, and has written articles on nutrition, health and fitness. He has a First Class Bachelor of Arts (Hons.) from Bristol University.