Apart from adding aesthetic value and a touch of greenery to the house, a garden is also meant to provide shade. Large trees shield the house from strong direct sunlight and reduce the cost of energy spent on cooling. Shade trees also provide privacy in the garden by blocking the view from heights. Plants that need direct sunlight should not be planted directly in the shade of these trees, but shade-loving plants will thrive under the shade.
Typical varieties of oak trees tend to be very slow growing and can take many years before they grow to a full-canopied, shade-giving tree. One exception is the sawtooth oak. It is a versatile variety of oak that can survive varying climatic and soil conditions. The tree gets its name from its leaf lobes that are bristle-like in appearance. Originally indigenous to the Northern hemisphere, the tree is now grown all over the world and is especially popular in South Asia. The sawtooth oak can be very easily cultivated for growth in a garden. The popular method of transplantation is by root cuttings, which are then fed and watered to achieve full growth. Once the tree establishes itself, it is very hardy and will thrive for many years providing pleasant shade with negligible risk of infestations.
The red maple tree is well known for its spectacular and brilliantly colored fall foliage. Most maple species are native to Asia, while a good number are indigenous to Europe, North Africa,and North America. The red leaves can be easily recognized as they stand out along road and forest edges. It is also a fast-growing tree with dark, glossy green leaves throughout summer that provide ample shade. This makes it popular as a landscaping tree for the home garden. It can be used within the garden itself or even to line the driveway. Once established, the tree needs very little maintenance or attention and can reach an average height of up to 50 feet, making it an impressive shade-giving addition to the garden.
The river birch is a graceful tree with a warm red bark. It is a very adaptable tree equally at ease in warm and cold conditions, and requires very little maintenance once established. The river birch gets its name from the fact that it thrives in damp soil that may have been saturated in water for many weeks. While the tree is more popular as a riverbank landscape tree, it can be easily adapted as a shade-giving landscape tree. The simple leaf structure and non-littering nature of the tree give it good shade-providing properties, though it does not have attractive fall foliage unlike the red maple tree.
Leyland Cypress Tree
Leyland cypress tree is an evergreen that popularly serves the purpose of hedges and privacy screens. It is a fast-growing tree with characteristic abundance of evergreen foliage, which makes it an excellent shade-providing tree. Height and width can vary depending on the variety, but Leyland cypress commonly reaches height in excess of 50 feet. The abundant foliage means that it needs to be trimmed periodically. The tree thrives under a full sun in soil that drains well.