Indoor plants come in a wide range of colors, textures and types. Gardeners can choose small plants for windowsills or large potted plants for offices or other rooms. All indoor plants prefer constant and warm temperatures; they enjoy being moved outdoors in spring to summer to get natural air and light.
Moses-in-the-cradle (Rhoeo spathacea) produces long trailing tendrils that bear small boat or cradle-shaped white or lavender flowers. The plant's leaves are green and purple streaked on top and deep purple underneath, making this a visually striking houseplant. Moses-in-the-cradle needs little watering and moderate exposure to sunlight. Gardeners can cut the plant's long tendrils and propagate new stalks.
African violets (Saintpaulia) feature heart-shaped or circular fuzzy green leaves and colorful blossoms in hues of yellow, pink, blue, purple or white. The plants enjoy a high exposure to indirect sunlight, but direct sunlight can turn the leaves yellow. They like a high degree of heat and humidity, enjoying an average temperature of 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
The peace lily (Spathiphyllum) is a low-maintenance houseplant that performs well in low-light conditions. It features elongated ovoid leaves that are bright green and curved white flowers that look like calla lilies. Peace lilies flower occasionally, but the blossoms last a long time. This plant is easy for beginners and prone to few pests or other problems. A lack of flowering indicates too little light, notes Clemson University.
The philodendron family has more than 200 members, offering gardeners a tremendous variety in indoor plants. A tropical plant, philodendron prefers average temperatures around 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Plants enjoy regular fertilizing with houseplant fertilizer and watering whenever the soil becomes dry. Some varieties trail or climb. Philodendron leaves can grow quite large; most feature ovoid leaves with deep cut-outs, resembling a feather.