True bamboo grows in soil, not in water, but gardeners can plant lucky bamboo (Dracaena) in water-filled containers to enjoy in the house. This type of bamboo grows well indoors and dislikes direct or bright light. For gardeners wanting a plant for an interior room or a fail-safe plant to give as a gift, a water container of lucky bamboo makes a thoughtful choice. Chiff.com notes that three bamboo stalks signify happiness, while five mean wealth.
Select a container for your lucky bamboo that will hold all the stalks you want to plant without looking crowded. Alternately, plant a single stalk of lucky bamboo in each container. Use glass or ceramic containers that don't have drainage holes.
Wash the container with warm soapy water, then rinse until the water runs clear.
Fill the bottom 2 to 3 inches of your container with gravel.
Insert the stems of your lucky bamboo into the gravel. Arrange the bamboo to your liking, having the stems at the same or different heights in the vase.
Fill the container with water to 1 inch below the top of the container.
Place the water container in a room where it receives indirect or no sunlight.
Change the water in the container once weekly to keep the water fresh. Top off the water level as necessary to maintain a consistent level in the container.