The eucalyptus tree provides visual interest much of the year with a flaky trunk, a fragrant smell, puffy white flowers and silvery leaves. Native to Australia, eucalyptus can be planted in temperate climates in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 6 or higher. Gardeners can plant a eucalyptus at any time of year except winter, but gardeners with winter chills should plant in spring to give the tree as much time to acclimate as possible before winter.
Select a location for your eucalyptus tree that allows the tree full sun and enough room to mature. There are more than 500 varieties of eucalyptus, each with different growth habits, so keep the maximum height of your chosen variety in mind when picking a location.
Dig a hole that's twice as wide as the root ball of your eucalyptus tree. Jab your shovel at the bottom of the hole to loosen the dirt, which allows the tree's roots to acclimate to the ground. Remove any rocks, weeds or roots from the hole. Eucalyptus trees have sensitive roots that can be easily damaged, so take time to prepare the site correctly.
Take your eucalyptus tree out of its container. Massage the root ball with your fingers to break it apart. Unwind and untangle any circled roots before planting so the tree will be able to draw water up from the soil.
Place the eucalyptus in the hole so it sits at the same level as it was planted in the container and is straight.
Cover over the roots with soil, gently firming the soil around the roots. Fill in the rest of the hole with soil.
Water your newly planted eucalyptus tree until the soil becomes saturated with water and compacts around the tree.
Apply a 2- to 3-inch later of mulch around the base of the newly planted tree to help the soil retain moisture.