A versatile and popular garden plant, the bean includes dried beans, cowpeas, soybeans and string beans. Plant any type of bean in the same manner and using the same general requirements for sunlight and watering. If the beans are intended to be eaten fresh, harvest them when the pods feel plump; leave dried beans on the stalk until the plant dries out in the autumn, then harvest the beans.
Select a site that offers your bean plants full sun once frost danger passes for your area and the soil temperature is 50 degrees F. Beans will not germinate in cold soil since beans are a warm-weather crop.
Prepare the ground for planting. Turn over the soil with a shovel to aerate and loosen it. Remove rocks, stones and weeds from the soil so your bean plant roots won't have to compete for space and resources. Then even the soil out again by smoothing it out with a rake or the flat side of your shovel.
Dig a trench 1 inch deep using a small trowel.
Plant your beans in the trench following the spacing directions on the seed packet. According to the University of Illinois, pole bean seeds need 4 to 6 inches of space, and bush beans need 2 to 4 inches of space, but the exact spacing will vary by the variety you are planting.
Cover over the trench with soil and pat it down firmly.
Water the newly planted beans until the soil becomes moist but not wet. Keep the garden bed moist until the bean seeds germinate.