Wheat comes in two types: winter wheat and summer wheat. Gardeners can plant winter wheat in the fall or summer wheat in the spring; the name refers to the season when the wheat ripens, not when it's planted. While growing enough wheat to make your own bread isn't very practical, gardeners can use wheat as a cover crop to enrich the soil for next year's planting or may wish to grow wheat to harvest as a novelty crop.
Prepare the soil for planting by turning it over with a shovel to aerate it. Remove any rocks, sticks or roots from the soil so the wheat seeds don't have to compete for resources. Continue to turn the soil until you've loosened all of it.
Even out the soil by spreading it out with a rake. When the soil has a level grade you can plant the wheat. If you don't level out the soil, the water can collect in low areas.
Scatter wheat seeds across the top of the soil, laying one seed per square inch. A 100-square foot garden bed needs 3 oz. of wheat seed, suggests Bread Info.
Rake over the patch with a rake to loosely cover the wheat seed, hiding it from birds and other critters.
Water the soil until it becomes moist but not saturated. Continue to keep the soil moist until the wheat seeds sprout.