Blueberry bushes perform well in the home garden once established, offering berries during the summer months. The most important part of planting your blueberry bush is getting the soil to the right level of acidity. Blueberries planted in neutral or alkaline soils do not grow well. Plant blueberries in the spring when frost danger has passed or in the fall. Once established, blueberry bushes can bear fruit for up to 50 years, notes Oregon State University.
Choose a full sun location to plant your blueberry bush, then take a soil sample by bringing a small amount of soil indoors.
Dampen the soil. Apply a pH test strip to the soil sample and wait for the strip to change color. Check the pH value on the color chart. Blueberries need a fairly acidic soil and prefer one with a pH of 4.5 to 5.5.
Lower the soil pH by adding sulfur and turning the soil to incorporate it in. The Garden Helper outlines how much sulfur to add depending on the type of native soil in your yard.
Dig a hole for your blueberry bush that's twice the size of the plant's root ball. Remove any rocks, sticks or weeds from the hole.
Remove the blueberry bush from its container. Squeeze the root ball between your hands to break it up. Unwind and untangle any tangled roots before planting; if you don't, the young plant can choke.
Place the blueberry bush in the prepared hole so it sits at the same depth that it was planted in the container. The fill in the soil around the plant, pressing it loosely into place.
Water the newly planted blueberry bush until the soil becomes saturated. This naturally compresses air bubbles in the soil.