A member of the evergreen family, Leyland cypress is a fast-growing conical tree that can be used for privacy fences, median planting, buffer strips or Christmas trees. Leyland cypress responds well to annual pruning to keep it shaped and grows naturally into a conical form.
According to the United States Forest Service, Leyland cypress trees reach a height of 50 feet in the western United States, and grow somewhat shorter in the eastern United States. These trees grow 3 to 4 feet per year and have a spread of 15 to 25 feet.
While Leyland cypress trees aren't native to the United States, they can be found throughout the western and eastern coasts and in the southern central states. Leyland cypress trees are hardy in USDA zones 6 to 10A.
Leyland cypress trees can grow in either full sun or part sun. They tolerate a wide range of soil conditions, including either acidic or alkaline soil, and can withstand salty soils. Leyland cypress trees are drought-resistant.
Leyland cypress trees display soft green needles with a feathery texture. They do not flower, but they bear tiny brown fruit less than 1/2 inch in size.
Bagworm can strip a Leyland cypress of its foliage within a couple of weeks. Trees that have suffered drought may develop a canker; this occurs primarily in California, according to the United States Forest Service. Leyland cypress trees can experience foliage fungus.