Miniature iris plants are colorful additions to any garden or landscape. With their lovely blooms ranging in color from soft whites to deep purples, their elongated stems and blade-like leaves complement their delicate blooms. Spreading these beauties around your lawn or garden can be simple with the right materials and a little patience. Miniature iris bulbs are easy to maintain and care for, allowing even the beginner gardener to achieve success.
Dig up miniature iris bulbs from their original planting location using a small garden shovel. The shovel's small size makes it less likely you'll cut into the small, fragile bulbs.
Separate the miniature iris bulbs once dug by using a sharp knife. Breaking apart the small bulbs by hand can easily damage them. When separating, leave two or three leaves on each bulb. Use caution when separating so you do not harm the small roots attached to the bottom of the bulb.
Dry the miniature iris bulbs for 24 to 48 hours after they have been separated. Placing the bulbs on a piece of cardboard or a concrete walkway will do the trick. The drying process will allow any place on the bulb that was torn or split to dry and be ready for planting.
Plant the dried miniature iris bulbs in their new location, which should mimic the prior planting area when it comes to soil type, sunlight exposure and water drainage. Plant the miniature iris bulbs 12 to 24 inches apart to allow room for adult growth. The iris bulbs should be planted deep enough to cover the entire bulb, depending upon the bulb's height.
Apply an all-purpose plant food to the freshly planted irises to ensure they have the vital nutrients they need to grow best in the new location.
Water the freshly planted bulbs until the soil around them is moist to the touch, not soaked. Too much water can cause the soil to become waterlogged. When soil becomes waterlogged, the chances of plant disease, fungus and root rot are increased.
Spread a layer of peat moss around the planting area to help maintain proper moisture content and limit weed growth. A five- to six-inch layer of peat moss will suffice.