An evergreen succulent, the jade bonsai tree originated in South Africa. Proper pruning reduces the leaf size from 2 inches to approximately a half inch. When provided with enough sunlight, red-tinged edges develop on the green leaves. White, star-shaped flowers grow on the tree in the autumn. Due to the thick trunk, the jade bonsai makes an excellent clump-style bonsai plant.
Cultivate your jade bonsai tree inside. As a succulent, it thrives in warm climates. Provide high amounts of natural sunlight or stunted growth may occur. For best results, put your jade bonsai tree on a windowsill.
Water your jade bonsai tree when the leaves wrinkle or the soil is dry to the touch. Jade bonsai trees naturally grow in arid climates, so they store large amounts of water in their leaves. Poor root development occurs with overwatering. Strong roots are important for the jade bonsai in order to hold up the heavy, water-filled leaves.
Feed your bonsai tree once a month between spring and autumn. Use an all-purpose, balanced fertilizer. The monthly feeding provides all the nutrition needed to help your jade bonsai plant thrive.
Prune your jade bonsai plant regularly. More than most bonsai species, the jade bonsai tree does well with extensive and frequent pruning. Frequent pruning actually results in smaller leaves and encourages healthy growth. Remove branches and twigs with flesh cuts. Jade bonsai trees are resilient and do not require the use of sealants.
Repot your bonsai tree regularly. Younger bonsai trees may require annual repotting. Jade bonsai trees that are a few years old need repotting only every two to four years. Repot the tree in soil that drains well. Combine gritty soil and organic compost for a good soil mix.