Considered to be the easiest orchid to propagate and care for at home, the moth orchid plant is a native to tropical Asia. Because of its showy appearance and bright colors, the moth orchid got its name because it resembles a moth with spread wings. Blooming in colors from white to orange and even pink, the moth orchid grows on tall stems, with little foliage and blooms perched on top. You can easily care for a moth orchid plant in your own home.
Plant the moth orchid in a planting container that drains water well. Orchids will not grow well in containers that hold water. When an orchid grows in very wet soil, the chances of fungal growth and disease are increased. Plant the orchid in an orchid growing medium. The orchid growing medium does not store large amounts of water like some potting soils and contains the perfect growing mixture for orchids. Orchid growing medium can be purchased at your local garden specialty store.
Place the orchid in a sunny location where the orchid will receive bright indirect sunlight for most of the day. The temperature in the orchid growing location should stay between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal growth.
Water the orchid frequently until the soil is moist, but not soaked. To maintain these conditions, allow the top layer of soil to dry slightly between watering. When the top of the soil is slightly dry, water again until the top soil is moist. Repeat this process as often as required to maintain proper moisture content.
Mist the orchid daily with a misting bottle. Orchids grow best in humid conditions. Misting the orchid daily will keep the humidity around the orchid high, producing optimal growth.
Re-pot the orchid every two years to keep the orchid's root system healthy. Re-pot with new orchid growing medium, from your local garden specialty store.
Fertilize the moth orchid using a liquid fertilizer. Apply the liquid fertilizer every other time you water, according to the instructions provided with the fertilizer to obtain best results and proper nutrients. A slow release fertilizer works great as well, when added to the orchids planting soil. You can purchase a liquid or slow release fertilizer at your local garden specialty store.