The most popular home garden grapes east of the Rockies, the Concord grape works best for as a juicing and eating grape, though it's also used for jellies and wines. This blue-skinned grape ripens in early autumn and has a tough outer skin and soft, slippery interior. Choose a bare root or potted grape vine for transplanting and plan to plant the Concord grape anytime between March and June.
Choose a planting site for your Concord grapes. Grapes prefer full sun, and choosing a south exposure or sloping terrain will offer additional protection from cold air. While grape vines can grow in most soils, they will need well-draining soil to prevent root rot.
Prepare the soil by turning over the earth with a shovel. Remove any sticks and rocks and tear out any weeds growing in the ground. Boost the nutrient content of your site by layering one to two inches of compost or manure over your, then turning over the soil again with the shovel.
Water the soil 24 hours before you plant the vine to a depth of 24 inches, using a soaker hose set to low. Irrigating the soil beforehand greatly boosts your grape vine's chance at a successful transplant.
Dig a hole 12 to 14 inches deep and as wide as your Concord grape transplant's root when the roots are spread out. Remove your Concord grape transplant from the water and place it in the hole, spreading the roots out with your fingers.
Cover over the hole with soil, but don't press the soil into the ground. Water the newly planted grape transplant until the soil compresses around the vine.
Cover the newly planted grape vine with a plastic tube or a 2-gallon soda bottle with the top and bottom cut off. This will protect the transplanted vine from temperature change while it acclimates to being transplanted.
Place a garden stake in the ground behind the vine, taking care not to drive the stake into the plant roots. Tie the soda bottle or protective plastic tube to the stake.
Water the Concord grape vine with one gallon of water every three to five days.
Keep the protective tube on the vine until the end of summer, then cut it off to allow the plant to harden off before winter.