How to Grow Black Pine Bonsai Trees


The black pine is a hardy, versatile plant and ideal as a bonsai tree. The black pine is native to Japan and prefers cooler climates. It grows slowly and takes a long time to form into a bonsai tree, so it is better for those with a lot of experience as bonsai gardeners. Ideally, the black pine bonsai should be formed at an early age, with a particular style in mind.

Step 1

Plant the black pine bonsai tree in soil that is 50 percent akadama and 50 percent pumice.

Step 2

Water the black pine sparingly to keep the black pine bonsai moist but not too damp. Allow the soil to dry out between watering.

Step 3

Expose the black pine bonsai tree to full sun. Cover the pot to protect the roots from the heat. Rotate the plant daily so the sun touches all parts of the foliage.

Step 4

Prune the tree in the spring. Place the tree in the shade for a few weeks after pruning so the roots have a chance to take hold. Pinch weak buds off at the end of spring. Leave only the strongest and healthiest buds.

Step 5

Re-pot the black pine bonsai in the spring in a pot that is large enough to accommodate the roots. Gently rearrange the roots when re-potting. Put the pot in partial shade for a few weeks after re-potting.

Tips and Warnings

  • Extreme pruning puts too much stress on the black pine bonsai, so plan to allow several years for the shaping of the tree. A pot that is too small will cause the feeder roots to dry out during hot weather.

Things You'll Need

  • Black pine bonsai tree
  • Soil
  • Garden sheers
  • Pot


  • Bonsai Gardener: Japanese Black Pine Bonsai
  • Bonsai-BCI: Black Pine
  • Evergreen Garden Works: Training Black Pine for Bonsai
  • Evergreen Garden Works: Growing Black Pine for Bonsai
Keywords: black pine bonsai, grow black pine, grow pine bonsai

About this Author

Rebecca Moore has been a writer since 1994. She has been published on Associated Content, Suite101, eHow and numerous print magazines. Moore attended Living Word Bible College and Leeward Community College. Moore enjoys spending time at garden shops and botanical gardens and experimenting with hydroponics and square foot gardening.