Vegetable Gardening Instructions for Beginners


Growing vegetables in your backyard can initially seem overwhelming. However, it's easy to learn the basics of creating a prosperous vegetable garden. Sunlight, good soil and water are the ingredients for success when creating your vegetable garden.

Step 1

Choose a spot in your yard that gets at least six hours of sunlight a day. Determine what types of vegetables you'd like to plant; tomatoes, onions, green beans and squash are easy to grow for beginners.

Step 2

Prepare your vegetable bed by adding layers of fertile soil. Confirm the soil has proper drainage by making sure no standing water remains after watering. Add moss or compost to help improve the soil's drainage, if needed.

Step 3

Follow the instructions on each vegetable plant marker or seed packet for spacing and depth specification. Depths can range from 1/4 inch to 6 inches deep. Dig holes in the garden with a garden trowel or your hands. Place the plant in the hole, filling in extra space with soil.

Step 4

Add at least 1 inch of water to the garden per week. Keep garden pests away by putting up a garden border or fence around your garden. Note that many garden pests can jump low garden borders; consider a taller garden fence, if needed.

Step 5

Harvest your vegetables by carefully pulling the vegetables away from the plant.

Tips and Warnings

  • Do not put mothballs near your garden, as they are poison and illegal to use for off-label purposes. Over-watering your garden can cause leaves to wilt.

Things You'll Need

  • Vegetable seeds or baby plants
  • Soil
  • Fertilizer


  • Iowa State Extension Service: Where to Put Your Vegetable Garden
  • University of Illinois Extension: Watering Techniques for Home Vegetable Gardening
  • Oregon State Extension Service: Mothballs: Proper Use
  • North Carolina State Extension Service: Planting Depth Chart

Who Can Help

  • USDA: Plant Hardiness Zone Map
  • National Gardening Association
  • University of Illinois Extension: Vegetable Growing Guide
  • Master Gardeners
  • Old Farmer's Almanac
Keywords: vegteable gardening, easy vegetable gardening, vegteable gardening basics

About this Author

Brandii Lacey began writing in 1997 at "The Mountain Times" in Boone, N.C. Her articles appear on, GardenGuides and eHow Home & Garden. She provides travel and lifestyle content for LIVESTRONG.COM. Lacey is the senior plays editor and on the nonfiction editorial team for "Mused Literary Review" magazine. She holds a Bachelor of Science in communications from Appalachian State University.