Planting Instructions for Geraniums

Overview

Geraniums, an annual plant, produce large blooms in many colors. Their height ranges from 6 inches to more than 3 feet. Varieties include Common Garden or Zonal (Pelargonium x hortorum), Martha Washington (Pelargonium x domesticum), Ivy-leaved (Pelargonium peltatum) Scented-leaf (Pelargonium graveolens) and Mosquito (Pelargonium). Plant geraniums in the ground and in flower pots.

In-Ground Planting

Step 1

Choose a spot in your yard that gets at least six hours of direct sunlight a day.

Step 2

Dig holes in the ground twice the size of the geranium's container. Add 2 to 3 inches of a slow-release fertilizer to the bottom of the hole. Space the geraniums 8 to 12 inches apart in the ground.

Step 3

Remove the geranium from its container. Place the geranium plants in the holes. Fill the spaces around the plant with soil and water thoroughly.

Step 4

Remove dead foliage and blooms as they appear. Use a high-nitrogen fertilizer on the geraniums to replace nutrients lost during rain showers.

Container Planting

Step 1

Fill a flower pot with garden soil. Dig a hole with a garden shovel or your hands deep enough to fit the geranium's root securely in the pot.

Step 2

Remove the plants from the containers. Place three to four baby geraniums or one mature geranium in the container. Add additional soil to the pot if needed. Water the geraniums thoroughly after planting.

Step 3

Remove dead foliage and blooms as they appear. Use a high-nitrogen fertilizer on the geraniums to replace nutrients lost during rain showers.

Tips and Warnings

  • Over-watering the foliage may lead to plant disease. Strong winds may break geranium stems. Geranium budworms may damage the plant; remove the worm and/or eggs from the plant by hand.

Things You'll Need

  • Soil
  • Pot
  • Slow-release fertilizer
  • Spade

References

  • University of Florida Extension Service: Geraniums - A Popular Favorite
  • Clemson University Extension: Geranium
  • Oregon State University Extension: How To Buy And Care For Geraniums
  • North Carolina Extension: Geranium Culture for Home Gardeners

Who Can Help

  • International Geranium Society: Geranium Clubs
  • National Gardening Association: Geranium
  • Colorado State University Extension: Gorgeous Geraniums
  • Iowa State University Extension Service: Growing Gorgeous Geraniums
  • Clemson University Extension Service: Growing Geraniums Indoors
Keywords: planting instructions, planting geraniums, container gardening

About this Author

Brandii Lacey began writing in 1997 at "The Mountain Times" in Boone, N.C. Her articles appear on Trails.com, GardenGuides and eHow Home & Garden. She provides travel and lifestyle content for LIVESTRONG.COM. Lacey is the senior plays editor and on the nonfiction editorial team for "Mused Literary Review" magazine. She holds a Bachelor of Science in communications from Appalachian State University.