Ginkgo biloba, also called a maidenhair tree, can grow more than 75 feet tall. Most often, city planners plant them along city streets. But ginkgo thrives best as a specimen tree in a yard. The benefits of planting a ginkgo tree far outweigh any drawbacks.
Beneficial Medicinal Properties
Ginkgo extract is usually available in tablet or liquid forms for medicinal purposes. Studies show that the herb helps prevent and treat memory loss and Alzheimer's as well as glaucoma, macular degeneration and tinnitis. The extract is not easy to make at home, however, you can use the leaves from the tree in dried or fresh form to make tea.
High Tolerance and Longevity
Ginkgo biloba trees can live more than 1,000 years.They are resistant to pests and disease, and can withstand destructive storms. Ginkgo also tolerates air pollution and winter salt spray, which is why people often plant them in the city.
This tree requires minimal care. It can grow in full or partial sun and in many soil types as long as they are well-drained. It is cold hardy and can grow throughout the United States. Once established, the tree becomes heat and drought tolerant as well. Female trees drop pungent fruit that may require clean-up, but the male cultivars do not carry the fruit.
A Piece of History
Ginkgo biloba is one of the oldest trees on earth, surviving over 200 million years. This means that it was present while dinosaurs lived. Bilboa is the only species left in the Ginkgo family and no longer survives in the wild. In planting this tree, therefore, you can have a rare piece of history in your yard.