Botanically known as Hibiscus Mutabilis, the Confederate or cotton rose has the unique property of changing color naturally. The bloom starts off white, deepens to a light pink by the second day and turns blue-pink by the third day. This rose grows on a Chinese shrub about 15 feet tall and 10 feet. This low-maintenance rose is commonly found throughout warm regions in the southeastern United States, thus the name Confederate. These roses also grow in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 9.
Obtain confederate rose cuttings or seeds from your local nursery or garden supply center. Plant the cuttings or seeds after the danger of the last frost has passed. Although confederates grow in warm climates, with a little care and attention they can thrive in cool climates as well.
Prepare a site with well-draining soil in full sunlight for at least six hours a day or partial shade. Dig a hole 3 to 4 inches deep in the soil in early spring, place a seed into it and cover with soil. If planting a rooted cutting, dig a hole twice the size of the root ball. Lower the 6- to 8-inch-long cutting into the hole and backfill with soil.
Tamp the soil down around the cutting or on top of the seed to remove any air bubbles. Water the soil gently with a watering can. You also can cover the area with a layer of mulch to retard weeds. Water your rose regularly so the soil stays moist.
Fertilize your confederate roses twice a year, once in spring and then in mid-summer. Although confederate roses can thrive without any fertilizer, a mild application is beneficial especially in sandy soil. Spread a layer of organic fertilizer such as fish emulsion or manure on the soil.
Mulch the roses with leaves, pine needles or bark in the fall to protect the shrub from harsh winters and ensure a quick recovery in spring.