How to Fertilize Oak Trees During the Summer

Overview

Oak trees can benefit from annual applications of complete fertilizers after they reach two years old. Summer is a good time to feed your oaks, provided ample irrigation is applied both before and after the fertilizer. Either a slow-release or quick-release fertilizer can be used as long as the maximum application rate on the quick-release formula is never exceeded; this could burn the roots.

Step 1

Select a complete and balanced fertilizer formula that has roughly equal parts nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium with a guaranteed analysis of 10-10-10 or 20-20-20. If possible, opt for a fertilizer with micro or trace-nutrients like iron and zinc to add to the soil fertility.

Step 2

Water your oak tree deeply until the soil is drenched, a few hours or a few minutes before applying the fertilizer product.

Step 3

Cast the fertilizer around the root mass of the tree starting two feet out from the trunk and extending at least a foot past the drip line of the canopy in a wide doughnut shape. Use the recommended dose indicated on the product label for the size of tree and square footage of soil.

Step 4

Scratch the fertilizer into the top two inches of soil and water until fully wet and beginning to dissolve into the soil. Keep the soil moist with deep watering at least once every 10 to 14 days during the summer to get the fertilizer nutrients down to the roots.

Tips and Warnings

  • Refrain from using any of the popular weed-and-feed products near oak trees as they can cause vascular damage to the roots and buildup in the soil.

Things You'll Need

  • 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 fertilizer
  • Hoe or cultivating fork
  • Water

References

  • New Mexico State University website: Fertilizing oaks
Keywords: oak trees, fertilizer for oaks, feeding your oak tree

About this Author

An omni-curious communications professional, Dena Kane has more than 17 years of experience writing and editing content for online publications, corporate communications, business clients, industry journals, as well as film and broadcast media. Kane studied political science at the University of California, San Diego.