Just like outside gardeners, indoor gardeners need the right garden tools to be successful. With the right tools, lighting and water supply, you can create an environment to grow a variety of flowers and vegetables indoors year-round, including peppers, lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers and herbs. Purchase your indoor garden tools at a home improvement store or online.
Buy a good quality garden pruner for your indoor garden if you don't already have one. The pruner you choose should be lightweight with a comfortable grip. Use your pruner to trim and remove sections of a plant, which helps improve the plant's growth and shape.
Stakes and Plant Ties
Some plants require stakes for support as they grow, especially vine-type plants like some tomatoes. Use plant ties to loosely secure the plants onto the stakes. You can find stakes and plant ties inexpensively.
Use drip trays underneath your pots to keeps water from staining your furniture or warping your windowsill paint. You can find clear, plastic drip trays inexpensively in an assortment of sizes.
If you have a large window in the room for your indoor garden, or you don't plant to grow light-hungry vegetable plants, you may not need to add lighting. However, if you do not get much natural lighting in your area, fluorescent tubes provide sufficient light for most seedlings and plants. Select tubes with a color balance resembling natural daylight, or purchase bulbs designed specially for plant growing. If you plan to grow fruit-bearing or flowering plants, full-spectrum fluorescent bulbs work well. Hang 4-foot-long, double fluorescent tubes from a shelf or a ceiling, using chains to raise or lower them.
Other types of effective indoor lighting include high intensity discharge, or HID, grow-lights, which produce much light for seedlings and growing plants throughout their cycle, especially light-hungry peppers, leafy greens and tomatoes. High pressure sodium bulbs, or HPS, last the longest of all indoor lighting, producing brighter lighting in the red and yellow color light spectrum. However, HPS bulbs also emit high heat and cost more.
A timer comes in handy for any artificial lighting, especially useful for seedlings. Timers turn the lighting off and on automatically. Simply plug your light fixtures into a power bar, which plugs into the timer. You only need one timer if all of your plants require the same lighting amount, otherwise, use separate timers.
Use a mist sprayer to spray distilled water on your indoor plants. Fill up one that holds a quart of water. If you use tap water, let it sit for 24 hours before using to allow any chemicals to dissipate, advises the North Dakota State University Agriculture and University Extension. Spraying your plants reduces dust on the plants' leaves, reduces spider mites and raises the humidity. Most homes do not have high enough humidity for plants. Avoid misting certain plants that do not like water on their leaves, such as African violets and other plants with fuzzy leaves. You can purchase mist sprayers inexpensively, so keep several of them around.
Watering cans allow you to water the soil directly, without watering the leaves of the plants. Choose a watering can with a long, skinny spout, so you can direct the water under the house plant's leaves. Keep your watering can filled with distilled water, or allow tap water to sit at least 24 hours before using it on your indoor plants.