For those who don't have a yard or garden, growing potted plants in the house is sometimes the only choice. But houseplants can be a challenge, given their restricted situation and isolated growing environment. Many people supplement a houseplant's nutrition by adding worms to the pot to increase the nutrition in the soil.
Houseplant Needs: Water and Sun
Houseplants have the same needs as outdoor plants and can sometimes be needier due to the extra difficulties of coping with heating, air conditioning and restricted light. Put houseplants in a bright location, and water them regularly. Some houseplants may require a misting schedule for humidity.
Houseplant Needs: Soil and Fertilizer
Plant houseplants in pots of appropriate size to give them plenty of room to grow. Always use the correct type of potting soil and fertilizer for houseplants to give them good sources of nutrition and support.
Worms: The Facts
Worms are invertebrate animals that live in soil, consume grit and excrete a substance that acts as a rich fertilizer for plants. Many people use worms as a source of natural compost, or fertilizer. According to Canada's Office of Urban Agriculture, the biggest advantage to composting with worms is that it can be done anywhere.
Worms and Houseplants
Many people add worms directly to their houseplants to fertilize the soil. Purchase worms at a home and garden store or a bait shop, or gather them from the outdoors. Put one worm in each pot and keep in mind that the worms need food occasionally, through kitchen scraps or refreshed soil. The worm's natural digestion process adds compost to the soil around your plant.
Composting with Worms
Many home gardeners and houseplant keepers use worms in a different way, keeping them in "worm farms" as compost manufacturers. Keep worms in a large wood or plastic box of their own, in loose, moist soil, and feed them kitchen scraps. Gather soil from the worm farm periodically and add it to the garden or houseplants for a dose of nutrition.
Although worms are mostly self sufficient, remember that they have needs as well. Plants with worms and worm farms must be kept consistently moist and warm, at temperatures of 70 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. Dry soil and cold temperatures damage worms.