The ficus plant is one of the most widely grown indoor house plants. As with all house plants, the ficus requires plenty of sunlight and water, along with proper care. The ficus plant is a great houseplant for beginners due to its durability, though the plant does sometimes come across problems that require treatment.
A well-cared-for ficus plant should not run into any issues with insects, though in some cases this can become a problem. The most common sign that the tree is infested is yellowing of the leaves. Insects such as spider mites, scale bugs and mealybugs are most often the problem. To treat the plant for bugs, an insecticide or pesticide is the best solution. An insecticidal soap is used most often to treat indoor house plants. A tarp should be laid around the plant to collect the insects killed by the soap. Another option, better for homes with pets or small children, is using a potting mix with an insecticide mixed into it.
Since the ficus plant is an indoor plant, it is common for their leaves to gather dust. The ficus plant thrives in a humid environment. Dust on the leaves of the ficus prevent the plant from effectively absorbing humidity. The leaves should be wiped clean with a non-wax cleaner to allow the pores of the plant to open. There are retail plant cleaners available, but just a vinegar and water solution works well. The solution should be applied with an old cloth or towel.
The ficus plant grows best in a humid environment. Many times, the indoor environments of homes and offices do not provide enough humidity for the plant to survive. To address this issue, the plant can be misted with water using a spray bottle. In extremely dry homes, a room humidifier is the best option to treat dryness in the air.