Lucky bamboo is not actually bamboo at all. It is a much smaller water-based plant with poisonous leaves. Because the plant produces cane-like culms and leafy green foliage, it looks very much like a miniature bamboo plant, but it grows differently and has very different growth requirements. Lucky bamboo is a popular houseplant in both Asia and America.
Lucky bamboo can be easily propagated if the owner takes a cutting. Growers should cut off a stalk just below one of the joints from which they grow in sections. After the stalk is cleanly cut, the grower can then place it in a new pot. Some gardeners recommend spraying the new stalk with a mist of water to help encourage it to grow more quickly and develop new buds.
Because lucky bamboo is a water plant, growing it is typically a simple process. Growers can choose either soil or pebbles. The soil should be loose and able to drain well, while the pebbles should be small enough to allow the plant support but room for root growth. As long as it has plentiful water and the right size of pebbles lucky bamboo can grow nearly anywhere.
Growers should make sure that the water in the lucky bamboo pot is filled enough to submerge the roots, but not the stem of the plant. Lucky bamboo water does tend to get stale over time, so growers should expect to change the water once every few weeks. Lucky bamboo prefers pure water, such as bottled water or rain water. Sometimes bacteria or algae can start to grow in the pot. Homeowners can wash the rocks to help prevent a recurrence if these problems occur.
Because it is a water plant, lucky bamboo dries out easily if it is exposed directly to the sunlight. The plant does reasonably well under artificial lights, which makes them ideal for bathrooms. As long as the plant is not in direct sunlight for long periods, it should stay healthy.
Lucky bamboo requires very little fertilizer, and if the plant starts to yellow when the grower first plants it, it could be an over fertilization problem. However, if homeowners want to they can add a few drops of aquatic plant fertilizer to the water every time they change water. Normal plant fertilizers can be used at one tenth the strength.