Commonly known as the split-leaf philodendron, the Monstera deliciosa is not in fact a philodendron, but a close relative. It is a perennial climbing vine, native to the world’s tropical regions. Although generally grown as a houseplant, M. deliciosa is hardy outdoors for gardeners living in USDA plant hardiness zones 10a through 11. Prune the Monstera during warm weather.
Cut the M. deliciosa 1/2 inch below a node. The amount that you trim doesn’t matter--the plant will recover. You can stick the cut portions in a glass of water to root if you wish
Cut the entire plant to within 1 foot of the soil if it is leggy and overgrown. Again, the cut portion can be rooted in water.
Clean all pruning debris from the soil around the M. deliciosa and discard it. If left on the soil it will provide a breeding ground for pests.