Houseplants are generally plants that can be grown indoors in somewhat limited sunlight. Although The Gardener's Network explains there are hundreds of types of plants that can thrive in an indoor environment, typically only a handful are used as houseplants.
African violets, amaryllis, begonias, coleus', geraniums, impatiens, paper whites and poinsettias are all types of flowering plants that can be grown inside. Some plants may require more sunlight than others, but all can thrive indoors and add color and beauty to a home during the cold winter months.
Aloe vera can be a useful houseplant as the gel within it can soothe burns. Aloe vera plants are easy to grow indoors as long as they receive exposure to sunlight.
Bonsai plants are tiny trees and shrubs that can be grown indoors. The unique bonsai plants can add a decorative and artistic feature to indoor growing. These plants can grow as little as 2 inches or as tall as 2 feet.
The cactus is another type of plant that can grow quite well indoors. Cacti do not necessarily need a lot of light and do not need a lot of water to survive. Cacti can add an exotic look to a home.
Ivy, palms, philodendrons, spider plants and rubber plants are all very green and leafy. These types of plants grow very well indoors and can add color to a room during the winter months.