Hydroponic systems have driven interest in what is known as indoor gardening. It has many advantages over soil, and allows for growing year-round. This means fresh produce can be obtained out of season and gardening conneisuers can enjoy the smell of a garden inside their homes. Learning how to grow hydroponically is a challenge that has many rewards. You might even end up teaching your friends
Prepare your cuttings or seeds for an introduction to the hydroponics system. Place them into a rockwool cube know as a jiffy cube. If you are using cuttings, apply rooting hormone to the root tip of the cutting before planting.
Mount your lights using two ropes attached to an adjustable bar. Imagine the two pillars in a bench press that you can lower and raise. The metal bar between the pillars is what the ropes are tied to. You could also periodically adjust the ropes if you can not fabricate an adjustable bar.
Place the plant under a fluorescent light 24 hours per day. After the cutting or seed grows roots throughout the jiffy cube it is ready for transfer to the hydroponic system.
Take your plastic container and fill it with water that has been mixed with hydroponic grow solution. The water must also fill up to just below the top of your rockwool or perlite in your container. Cut a hole in the bottom of the container so that water can funnel up while preventing the filler material from falling out.
Test the pH and make sure that the temperature of the water is above 50 degrees Fahrenheit at night and 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day. This can be accomplished with an aquarium water heater and a pH paper or meter. The pH needs to stay in between 5.5-6.8, optimally between 6.3-6.5.
Place the jiffy cube into the growing medium. Make sure that the plant container is deep enough in the plastic tube of nutrient water solution for the water to reach the roots of the jiffy cube.
Continue to monitor pH and adjust the nutrient concentration based on the age of the plant.