Kentucky is a state of diverse landscapes. Near the Ohio River are rolling grasslands while other areas reach into the Appalachian Mountains or plateaus. This variety of ecosystems supports a long list of flora and fauna. Fortunately, some of this beauty can be captured by growing native plants indoors. Houseplants not only add an aesthetic touch, but also act as natural air purifiers. Beautify and help purify your home with these native Kentucky house plants.
Lilies are traditionally hardy plants producing showy bulbs; several varieties of these are native to Kentucky. The spider lily is originally from China but was brought to America many years ago to be planted in the garden of the Governor of Virginia's home.Spider lilies flourished and spread through many surrounding states. These flowers are perennials that grow best in pots. They usually keep their green foliage through fall and winter, when the lilies go dormant for the spring and bloom again at the end of summer. Its blooms may be stark white, yellowish, red, or pinkish. For indoor growing, the Plant Care website recommends you start with three bulbs in each 5-inch pot. (See References 2) Rich soil is the most important factor for lily growth. Soil should be one part manure, one part loamy soil, and one part potting soil. Keep these next to the window and well-watered.
Purple coneflowers are popular wildflowers in Kentucky. These are pink- and purple-hued perennials. Daisies are related to coneflowers and are similar in appearance, but coneflower petals form a downward skirt around their center. These flowers are perfect for bouquets and have a mild fragrance. Their extract, echinacea, has long been used as an herbal medicine. (See References 3) Deadhead your coneflowers to extend their blooming season in summer. Keep your plant in a window where it will be exposed to full sun. Consider setting your potted plant outdoors each day for a few hours of direct sunlight. Large pots are ideal as purple coneflowers can grow to 3 feet, sporting dark, coarse foliage. Keep its soil well-drained.
Indian pinks are exotic-looking flowers, native to Kentucky. (See References 4) These flowers are not truly pink; the flowers are red tubes with a burst of yellow coming out of the tip, with foliage that is an elongated teardrop shape, some 4 inches long. This perennial can grow to be 2 feet tall and blooms in summer. Indian pinks make great house plants due to their shade tolerance. Prepare the soil in which you plant them with compost; making sure it is well-drained. You should only have to water Indian pinks about once a week. These plants don't enjoy transplanting, but you can set the pot outside during the day to attract hummingbirds.