How to Care for Vermilliad Plants


Vermilliads, also called bromeliads, are members of a plant family with a wide variety of appearances and growing conditions, the most common member of which is the pineapple plant. It is easily grown indoors or outdoors and has brightly colored foliage that grows in a tightly wound rosette or cone configuration. Bromeliads produce a center flower stalk and showy flower, but generally flower only once, after which the plant creates "pup" plants that, once mature enough, can be removed and planted as their own plant.

Step 1

Decide whether to plant the bromeliad outdoors or maintain it as an indoor plant. Bromeliads originate in the tropics and grow best outdoors in warm, wet climates. Cooler climates require treating the bromeliad as an indoor plant. Care for bromeliads is similar for either placement.

Step 2

Plant the vermilliad outdoors in a bright spot with no direct sunlight, as the plant's leaves burn easily. Or grow vermilliads indoors in a small pot, as the root system is not extensive, and place the plant in a bright spot with lots of indirect sunlight.

Step 3

Water the house plant by pouring approximately 1/2 cup of water into the center cone of the plant. Care for vermilliads planted outdoors the same way. Most vermilliads don't rely on their roots for water absorption. In fact, vermilliads rot if left sitting in water, so water in the center and let the plant distribute the water.

Step 4

Allow the bromeliad to flower. Once the flower is past its prime, use garden clippers to remove the flower stalk as far down into the plant as you can reach. The plant will not flower again but will produce pups, or new bromeliad plants.

Step 5

Let the pups mature for several months, until the beginning of the next spring growing season. Remove the pups at the base of each new plant's rosette growth formation, and pot each in its own new small pot or plant outdoors. Use a sterile commercial potting soil for potted house plants, as bromeliad pups are not overly sensitive and will grow easily.

Tips and Warnings

  • Expect vermilliad leaves to lose some color once the flower is pruned off the plant. This is normal and does not indicate that the plant is failing. Over time the leaves regain color, and the plant continues to grow as before.

Things You'll Need

  • Pruning sheers
  • Sterile potting soil
  • Small pots


  • Bromeliad Society International

Who Can Help

Keywords: grow bromeliads, bromeliad care, grow vermilliads

About this Author

Jacksonville, Fla., attorney Jennifer Williams has written for the Web since 2008. Williams was named 1997 Florida Environmental Scholar and has practiced environmental, family and gaming law. She holds a B.A. in communications-journalism from Jacksonville University, two certificates from Tulsa Law and a Juris Doctor from Nova Southeastern Law.

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