How to Breed Fish With Hydroponic Systems


Breeding fish in an aquaponic system requires preparation and management beyond simply managing the ecosystem. It is a good idea to wait several growing cycles before attempting to breed your fish--this will ensure your initial aquaponic system is working efficiently, before you add the complexity of breeding fish. While the fish will naturally breed in the aquaponic tank, assuming they are healthy and the environment is stress-free, intentional breeding requires a separate breeding tank. The babies can be integrated into the aquaponic tank when they are large enough to survive with the adults.

Set Up the Breeding Tank

Step 1

Follow the manufacturer's instructions to set up the 50-gallon aquarium, filter, pump, air stones, chiller and thermometer.

Step 2

Cover the bottom of the tank with a 2-inch layer of pea-sized gravel.

Step 3

Fill the tank with non-chlorinated spring water at room temperature. Turn on the chiller and bring the water to 55 to 58 degrees Fahrenheit if you're breeding trout. If you are breeding other species of fish, check with your local University Extension office to find out what temperature range they prefer.

Step 4

Add the marbles to the tank. Allow them to settle on the bottom and then use the fish net to distribute them evenly.

Add the Fish

Step 1

Add the breeding stock to the breeding tank. If you are using breeding stock from your own aquaponics tank, be sure the water in both tanks is between 55 and 58 degrees to minimize shock. If you have obtained breeding stock from a hatchery, follow the hatchery's instructions for adding the fish to your tank.

Step 2

Feed the breeding stock live food two or three times per day. Do not overfeed. It is best to feed small amounts of food several times per day, as this minimizes stress on the fish.

Step 3

Watch for spawning. When you see eggs nestled in the marbles, remove the adult fish and return them to the aquaponics tank.

Step 4

Line the outside of the tank with styrofoam sheets and secure them with duct tape. This will insulate the tank and keep it dark, which the infant fish, or fry, prefer.

Step 5

Carefully examine the eggs, looking for any that are opaque white. These are dead and must be removed immediately with the turkey baster. Do this once per day.

Care for the Fry

Step 1

Once the eggs hatch, the baby fish will remain on the bottom of the tank and feed from the yolk sac. They will remain for seven to fourteen days. Watch for the first fish to rise off the bottom. When the first ones begin to swim, provide a very small amount of fry food.

Step 2

Monitor the fish and continue to feed two to three times per day, gradually increasing the amount of food per feeding.

Step 3

When the fish reach 3 to 4 inches in length, move them to the aquaponics tank.

Tips and Warnings

  • Raising trout at home is illegal in many areas. Contact your local university extension office for information on the permits required for raising trout. Water temperature is crucial for breeding trout. While they will survive at temperatures higher and lower than 55 degrees, they will be stressed and less likely to spawn.

Things You'll Need

  • Working aquaponic system
  • 55-gallon fish tank
  • Under gravel filter
  • Pump
  • Aquarium chiller
  • Aquarium thermometer
  • Air stones
  • Pea-sized gravel
  • 55 gallons non-chlorinated spring water
  • Marbles
  • Fish net
  • Styrofoam sheets--enough to cover the outside of the tank
  • Duct tape
  • 8- to 10-inch breeding stock--3 males, 2 females
  • Live fish food
  • Turkey baster
  • Finely ground fry food--available at aquarium stores


  • Trout In The Classroom
  • Mother Earth News: Small Scale Trout Farming
Keywords: aquaponics, breed fish, hydroponic fish

About this Author

Tricia Ballad has written professionally since 2004. She has authored three books, as well as numerous articles on parenting and website content involving green living. Her work has appeared in Natural Family Online and Budget Artists. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English with a creative writing specialization from Bradley University.

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