How Are Vascular & Non-Vascular Plants Similar?


Plants are usually divided into two categories: vascular and non-vascular. While these two types of plant have some different characteristics, such as having cells that transfer water from one part of the plant to another, they still share other characteristics common to all plants.


Both vascular and non-vascular plants make their own food through photosynthesis. The plants have special cells called chlorophyll that absorb energy from the sun and make glucose.

Cell Wall

Both vascular and non-vascular plants have cell walls that protect the plant from damage and environmental stress.


Both vascular and non-vascular plants reproduce through sexual fertilization. Vascular plants produce seeds; non-vascular plants produce spores.

Waxy Cuticle

Both vascular and non-vascular plants have a waxy cuticle that serves the role of preventing the plant from drying out.


Non-vascular plants have no roots, stems, leaves or water conducting tissue. This limits their ability to to be as big as vascular plants.


  • What Makes a Plant a Plant
Keywords: waxy cuticle, sexual fertilization, photosynthesis, vascular plant, non-vascular plant

About this Author

Charles Pearson has written as a freelancer for two years. He has a B.S. in Literature from Purdue University Calumet and is currently working on his M.A. He has written three ebooks so far: Karate You Can Teach Your Kids, Macadamia Growing Handout and The Raw Food Diet.