Houseplants are a nice addition to the home. They help purify the air, as well as being aesthetically pleasing if well taken care of. Houseplants do need care, including an occasional fertilizer. With a plethora of fertilizers available, information will help you decide which one is best for house plants.
There are many varieties of houseplants, including spider plants, gardenias and purple passion plants. Many of these plants are kept outdoors during the warm months and then brought in during the colder months. Houseplants are kept in pots and need to be properly cared for in order to thrive.
Fortunately, most houseplants can be cared for in a similar manner. They all need light; however, the amount of light depends on the plant. Baby tears, for example, need maximum light exposure while Boston ferns need a low amount of light. All houseplants also need to be kept moist, as well as be fertilized on occasion.
Houseplants need a fertilizer that contains the three major elements: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). Every kind of fertilizer is labeled with the specific amount--in percentage--that is contained of each element, per pound. The best fertilizers for houseplants are the ones labeled as 20-20-20. The first number indicates the amount of N, the second P, and the third K.
Houseplants should be fertilized only during the growing season. Generally, you should fertilize once a month in the spring and summer, and then only two or three times in the fall or early winter. However, you do not want to overfertilize your plant. If your plant requires less light, you do not need to fertilize it as often. If it requires lots of light, you may need to fertilize it more often. If you notice dead leaves or stunted growth, you may be overfertilizing. You should ease up on your fertilizing schedule to see if that helps the plant regain its health.
There are many brand names that sell 20-20-20 fertilizers. Examples include Scotts, Miracle Gro, Peter's and Jack's. They are available in granule, liquid, tablet and crystalline forms. Each works well; however, be sure to read the label carefully since each brand's dosing instructions will differ and you do not want to overdose your plant.