Parts of a Wooden Wagon

Making a wooden wagon can be a rewarding craft project that will last for many years. Wooden wagons are versatile and can be used to transport children around an event when they are too small to walk a long distance. Wooden wagons can also transport gardening tools and supplies to areas in your yard that would otherwise take several trips to accomplish. The main parts of a wooden wagon are the axle assembly, frame, sides and rear, tongue and the handle.

Axle Assembly

A wooden wagon includes two or more axle assemblies for the wheel mounting. Most utility type wagons for an adult to pull and children to ride in or for transporting gardening supplies have a metal axle assembly with a metal hub for the tire mounting. Tires on metal axles are generally a rubber variety, which may or may not require air in them. Tires may be solid rubber or they may be identical to riding lawnmower tires on a larger model of wooden wagon.


A wooden wagon generally has a metal frame to screw the bottom and sides to so that it will last for years. Frame size determines the size of the entire wagon, and they are available in a variety of sizes, generally from three to four feet long and 12 to 24 inches wide.

Sides and Rear

Wooden wagons have sides that are horizontal slatted wood. The frame for the sides is vertical and the slats attach to it with spaces in between each of them. The back of the wagon has the same design as the sides and is normally the same height. Some wooden wagons have sides that mount permanently to the frame with a removable rear. Other models have both a removable rear and sides. The sides and rear provide a safety feature when children are riding in them so that they have a sturdy area to hold on to. The sides and rear also provide stability to put taller items in when they are in use as a utility or garden trailer.


A wagon tongue attaches between the front wheels on the front axle and is metal. This is the steering mechanism for a wooden wagon. Pulling the wagon left will turn in that direction. The back tires are stationary, and the axle does not turn but follows the direction of the front tires, like an automobile.


The handle is on the end of the tongue and may be a one-piece item or be a separate part. Handles vary in size but are generally larger on a larger model of a wooden wagon to provide better maneuverability.

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About this Author

Mary Lougee is a writer in Texas who writes on a wide variety of subjects from appliances to DIY. Lougee has a BS degree with a major in management and a double minor in computer science and accounting, which led to a 25-year career as a precursor to her writing.

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