Turning wood on the lathe has made a big comeback in popularity over the last 10 years. Hobbyists are drawn to the craft by all the new project kits and books available for the novice woodworker.
Two of the biggest areas in wood turning are pen turning and hollow vessel turning. Each have special cutting tools designed to be used on the lathe.
The bowl gouge is a long, wood handle tool with a deep flute and an extreme fingernail profile on the tip of the steel rod. The gouge is shaped like the end of you fingernail in profile. The bowl gouge is used to remove interior and exterior wood of the vessel quickly.
The straight edge scraper is a long, wood handle tool with a straight steel cutter. The cutter profile has a large bevel on a straight piece of steel. The straight edge scraper is used for removing the marks left by the gouge.
The round edge scraper is a long, wood handle tool with a curved steel cutter. The cutter profile has a large bevel on a half-round piece of steel. The straight edge scraper is used for removing the marks left by the gouge in the interior of a vessel.
The multiple tip hollowing tool is a long, wood handle tool with a interchangeable steel tip cutter. The hollowing tool can be used to hollow, scrape, or run beads and coves. A bead makes a half-round bead that runs around the item being turned on the lathe. The cove is the opposite, it cuts a half-round groove that runs around the item being turned.
The cutter has interchangeable cutting knifes that some of which are similar to the scrapers above but only about one quarter the size to be used inside the vessel being turned.
There are also several versions of the hollowing tool with different steel rod shapes. Some have a slight curves used for narrow hollowing similar to a tall narrow vase. While others have large curves used for wide vase with a narrow head.
Safety goggles keep wood chips from getting in the eyes. The work apron helps keep clothing away from the spinning lathe.