A basement can provide ample storage space for the unneeded clutter lying around the house. Keeping these stored items well organized is the most important part. A neatly organized basement storage area will keep your stored items safe and out of the way but also allow you to find precisely what you are looking for when you try to retrieve an item. Fit the basement with shelves and other types of storage yourself.
Select the Location
To start making basement shelves, you need to decide which part of the basement is the best spot to install the storage shelves and how many shelves you will need. Take measurements, and write them down.
Next, design your basement storage. Draw it on paper so you get a clearer picture of what your shelves will look like. Keep in mind your storage needs as you make your design. Also calculate the dimensions carefully. You do not want an overly large storage unit in your small basement. After you have everything in check, you can buy your materials at the hardware supplies store.
Obtain the Materials
Basement storage can be made from either wood or metal. Metal involves a lot of welding and screwing of metal shelving pieces. It is also a more expensive option for basement storage. Wood is the better option in basement shelving material. It is more inexpensive, depending on the type of wood you use. It is also easier and faster to install. Anyone who knows how to use a hammer or nail gun can do it.
To make wood shelves for your basement, you will need wood planks that may be pre-cut according to your specific measurements. You will also need wood studs for the legs, horizontal beams, transversal joists and the shelf surface with sections and lengths of 2-by-4, 1-by-2 and 1-by-4. Joist hangers are also needed to make the wood shelves, 12 for each shelf unit. The wood shelves will also need different sizes of wood screws.
Building Storage Shelves
To make the basement storage, mark the spots where you want to position the rear horizontal beams on the wall. Use screws to attach the rear beams to the wall. Attach joist hangers to the rear beam. Then cut and attach the front legs and the transversal joints. Attach the joists to the front leg, and place them in the joist hangers that are attached to the horizontal stud.
You are halfway through the task at this point. To continue, attach face beams to the shelf legs. Carefully measure the position of the beam to make sure it is lined up with the height of the transversal joints. Install one last transversal joint in between legs, holding it in place with joint hangers. Cut and attach the shelving surface, and your shelves are done.
Note that if you are attaching your hangers into an unfinished concrete wall, you will need to use wall anchors to properly secure the storage shelves. Start by drilling a pilot hole, then insert a plastic wall anchor into the hole. When attaching your hangers, screw into the wall anchor rather than into the concrete directly. This will hold your shelves securely in place without cracking or crumbling the concrete structure.