image by Argo Building Company
There are several types of wood planers. All are used to create a smooth, level surface on a piece of wood and work out any imperfections by shaving off a thin piece at a time using a very sharp blade. There are handheld power planers, large power planers that entire boards are pushed through, and hand planers. Power planers require less technique. This is how to use a hand planer, the original and more personal way to work with wood.
Affix your board with clamps or a vise on your workbench so that it's stable and you can push full force against it.
Check to make sure the blade in your plane is sharp and clean. A dull blade can make for a rugged cut and can ruin your wood.
Hold the front knob with your leading hand and the rear handle with your other.
Push down into the wood while guiding the plane forward in a long stroke over the surface of the wood. A thin shaving of wood will curl out of the mouth of the plane. You need to use a good amount of strength for this.
Run the plane over the surface of the wood several times in long strokes until you get the smooth, even surface you desire. Finish with sandpaper.