Properly staging and storing lumber and plywood not only keeps the wood stock dry and straight, but it also keeps the woodshop safe from accidents. In most woodshops, the wood stock is stored in racks, which keeps the wood off the floor and allows air to flow freely in and around the wood, keeping the humidity low. Each type of wood stock needs its own type of wood storage bin.
The Wood Bin base
The wood bin base measures 4 feet wide by 8 feet long. Cut 4 inch-by-4 inch studs for the outer frame. Use galvanized wood bolts to build out the frame. Inside the newly constructed frame, cut 2-inch by 4-inch studs and place them every 24 inches for additional strength, screwing them to the frame with 2-inch wood screws. Use one full 4-foot by 8-foot ¾-inch hardwood plywood as the top of the wood bin base. Attach industrial grade swivel casters in all four corners.
The Wood Scrap Box
The scrap box will keep the clutter off the floor of the woodshop. Build the scrap box at one end of the wood bin. It will measure 4 foot long by 2 feet wide, by 2 feet high. Use ½-inch construction-grade plywood for the sides. Remember to cut the 2 inch-by-4 inch frame 1-inch shorter that the overall measurements so the plywood sides will set flush with the base of the wood bin.
The Lumber Rack Frame
This is the tricky part, and the main part of the wood bin. Cut four 4 inch-by-4 inch studs 6 feet long. Bolt two of the studs to the inside wall of the wood scrap box using 3/8-inch 6-inch long bolts. Cut a 4 inch-by 4-inch stud to a length of 3 feet, 4 inches. Place this stud at the opposite edge of the wood bin base. Use 3/8-inch 12-inch bolts to fasten the stud to the base. Bolt the last two 6-foot studs to the newly fastened 4 inch-by-4 inch stud. Apply wood glue at all flat surfaces for additional strength.
The Lumber Rack Walls and Shelves
Cut a piece a 3/4-inch plywood 4 feet-by-6 feet and screw to the side of the lumber rack. Cut two pieces of ¾-inch plywood 4 feet wide by 6 feet long. Screw to the back of the lumber rack. Lay the last piece of plywood on top of the lumber rack and use 2-inch wood screws to attach. Reinforce the corners of the lumber rack with 90-degree corner angles and fasten with 2-inch wood screws. Cut four 4 inch-by-4 inch studs 3 feet, 4 inches long as supports for lumber to be stored. Use 3/8-inch 3-inch long galvanized wood bolts to attach these supports.
Woodbin Tips and Tricks
For additional support, add two to four additional industrial-grade casters to the bottom of the woodbin. These additional swivel casters will also allow the woodbin to move more freely under the additional weight of stored wood. For additional storage, add hooks to the outside lumber rack wall for extension cords and other items.