Glazing is the final step in the creative process of making pottery. Using different glazing techniques will give your pottery an individual style. The process can range from a very simple finishing technique to a more-complex glazing technique. Glazes can be bought ready made from pottery suppliers or raw materials can be purchased and mixed to your own liking.
Painting is the most common way to apply a glaze to your finished piece of pottery. Designing your piece of pottery can be a simple process of applying one color of glaze with a large brush. The design can also be more complex by using smaller brushes and applying different colors of glazes. The design can be enhanced by outlining part of it with a squeeze bottle filled with glaze or using a small brush. Stamping a design on the pottery and then painting the design with glaze is another technique that can be used. The possibilities are endless.
Using sponges to apply glaze is another technique. After a base glaze has been applied and dried, another color of glaze is applied with a sponge to give the pottery some texture. Different sponges, such as sea sponges, will give different textures. Sponges can be cut into shapes and used like stamps to apply a design. Sponges are also a good way to blend colors and give subtle color changes.
Dipping is a third way to apply glaze to a piece of pottery. The pottery is dipped into a container of glaze that will cover the entire piece. Pottery tongs are used to hold the pottery while making one smooth motion and then pulling the pottery out of the glaze. Overlaying the glazes will a different glaze will give interesting effects. Another technique is to dip half of the pottery in one color of glaze and then dip the other half in a different color. Before dipping the pottery, wax can be applied to an area. This will keep the glaze from adhering to the pottery, leaving an area unglazed.