How to Make Willow Trellises & Arbors


Willow whips are pliable willow branches that are traditionally used to weave baskets. Willow is fast-growing, and one year's growth is usually enough to cut for decorative projects. You can bend and weave willow whips to make arbors, trellises and other types of plant supports. Design possibilities are limited only by your imagination. Use different sizes of willow whips for sturdiness or to create decorative features. Practice basic methods and techniques, and you can create original willow pieces of garden art that are also functional parts of your garden.

Make Willow Projects

Step 1

Cut willow whips as long as possible. Collect whips of different diameters so you have some for sturdy framework and some for bending and weaving. Use willow whips when they are fresh and green so they will be as flexible as possible. Spring and summer cuttings are the most pliant. Good working sizes of willow whips are anywhere from 6 to 9 feet long, about the length of a season's growth. Shorter pieces are useful for weaving in details. Collect some small vines to use for tying or winding to secure the willow whips in place. Honeysuckle, vinca and other small vines work well. These, too, should be cut green during the growing season so they are supple. Strip the leaves from whips and vines.

Step 2

Lay out the framework of your piece using the sturdiest pieces of willow. Use the heaviest part of the framework whips at the bottom for stability, leaving the top, more flexible parts of the whips free for shaping and weaving.

Step 3

Fasten the framework together. For large projects, use a small nail or screw to connect the joints. Further secure the joints and create a rustic look by wrapping vines around the intersections. As the vines season and dry, they will tighten and become firm in the shape of the winding. For additional strength on projects that will need to bear weight, wrap wire around the joints before using vines--copper wire lasts a long time and will not rust. A wire wrap takes the stress off the vines, allowing them to be more of a decorative element.

Step 4

Begin weaving smaller willow whips through the framework. Leave long ends extending beyond the edges of the framework. Wait to trim them off with pruning clippers until you complete sections of the project. If you need to adjust the whips as you work, you may need the excess. Weave beginning at the bottom of the piece and work your way up. Add looping designs or other shapes made with the finer sized whips if you wish. Rounded designs such as curved arches and heart shapes are popular design elements that a beginner can easily create simply by bending the willow whips in the desired shape and securing them onto the framework.

Things You'll Need

  • Sharp pruning clippers
  • Willow whips, various sizes
  • Small vines
  • Needle-nose pliers
  • Small nails, optional
  • Fine wire, optional
  • Small hammer, optional


  • Weaving willow
  • Rustic trellis
  • Make Simple, Beautiful Garden Fences and Trellises

Who Can Help

  • Building a Trellis for your Vine
Keywords: willow trellis, willow arbor, willow garden art

About this Author

Fern Fischer writes about quilting and sewing, and she professionally restores antique quilts to preserve these historical pieces of women's art. She also covers topics of organic gardening, health, rural lifestyle, home and family. For over 35 years, her work has been published in print and online.

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