How to Frame a Barn


Knowing how to frame a barn may sound like something you should be hiring a contractor to do for you. In reality, however, if you're the handy type who doesn't mind reading directions and taking your time to make sure the job is done right, you can save yourself quite a bit of money by learning how to frame your own barn. Imagine your neighbors' surprise and how delighted you'll be with yourself when you follow these step-by-step instructions that include quantities and easy to ready directions that will make your project one to be admired by your friends as well as a useful storage place.

Step 1

Select the location in your yard where you want your barn. This area then needs to be cleared of all plants or objects and should be leveled flat. Choose an area that is close to the main house, but will leave you enough space around the barn.

Step 2

Prepare frame end wall by applying gusset plates to both sides of bottom and top joint locations on the beams.

Step 3

For front and back wall framing, mark stud locations and place the proper length studs at the locations. Mark angles and cut to fit. Use 8d nails at the top and bottom to toe nail studs. Cut applicable length nailers to install at correct dimensions.

Step 4

For the siding front wall, cut one sheet into 2 pieces, each 48 inches x 48 inches. Cut another sheet into pieces 24 inches x 96 inches, then cut those pieces to size appropriately. Nail siding pieces to the front frame with 8d nails every 8 inches on center in the same manner as side back wall.

Step 5

Side back wall should be cut from two sheets into 4 sheets in the same way as the front wall. Nail siding pieces onto back wall frame with 8d nails every 8 inches on center.

Step 6

Create two cut rim joints at appropriate length for barn size. Place joists 12 feet apart then stand the front and back wall up at the ends of the joists. Nail rims joists to the end wall frame using 10d nails. Be sure to temporarily brace both ends of your barn frame.

Step 7

Stand the rest of the frame pieces and nail to them to the rim joists. Install a temporary brace across roof. Use beams nailed to the main frame to do this.

Step 8

Adjust the building frame until it is square and in the position you want it to be. Place floor supports using 10d nails at appropriate dimensions.

Step 9

Floor sheathing should be cut as necessary from uncut sheets. Use 8d nails and notch sides to fit on all sides.

Things You'll Need

  • Lumber -- sheets and beam posts
  • Nails -- 8d (8 penny) -- 10d 9 (10 penny)
  • Hammer
  • Saw
  • Angle
  • Level
  • Plywood or steel gusset plates
  • Nailers -- wood pieces used for additional support
Keywords: Barn, frame, frame, walls, frame, beams

About this Author

From her home in Wisconsin, Catherine has been writing content for a variety of Internet media since 2003. Her areas of writing experience range from baby care advice articles, to zoo animal research papers. Catherine is currently earning her Associates Degree in Communications from the University of Phoenix, and a Career Diploma in Freelance Writing from Penn Foster University.

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