Types of Pond Bacteria
image by "Tivoli pond" is Copyrighted by Flickr user: Matti Mattila (Matti Mattila) under the Creative Commons Attribution license.
Several different groups of pond bacteria include photosynthetic, heterotrophs, sulfate reducers and methanogens. Photosynthetics contain chlorophyll and make food by using sunlight for photosynthesis. Heterotrophs live off of decaying matter. Sulfate reducers live in sediments, breathing sulfate instead of oxygen. Methanogens live on the bottom, producing methane or swamp gas. Most pond bacteria can only be seen through a microscope; large clusters can be seen as a scum or algae.
Fossilized diatoms are used in toothpastes and filters. Up to 10,000 species of diatoms exist. Elongated diatoms move around and the round ones do not. Many pond bacteria can live on the surface of moist soil as well as in water.
According to safewater.org, avoid drinking from a pond as some bacteria like E. coli can cause illness. Water may be contaminated with this bacteria if you have farm animals using or living near the pond, or from wild animals dropping contaminated feces in or near the water.
About this Author
Brenda Christian began writing professionally in 2009. She enjoys writing articles on gardening, pet care, general insurance topics and insurance claims and her work appears on eHow and YellowPages.com. Christian earned her Bachelor of Arts in business management from Walsh University and her senior claims law associate designation through the American Educational Institute.