Mushrooms are a healthy food that is used quite often in cooking and as raw snacks. These fungi are aggressive organisms that sprout wherever they can find a proper environment. In nature, they are often found growing on compost piles, in nutritious yards and from rotting wood. Like all plants, mushrooms are made up of roots and fruit, and are capable of establishing in colonies and blooming for many years. To cultivate your own mushrooms, find a controlled growing situation like a greenhouse and get started.
Mushroom Growing Needs
Mushrooms have some needs that are different from other plants, but are similar across the range of mushroom growth. This makes mushroom cultivation across mushroom breeds relatively straightforward. Mushrooms need warmth, moisture and a stable growing foundation. The controlled growing situation provided by greenhouses is ideal for mushroom cultivation. Use a standard mushroom substrate like compost, shavings, wood chips or peat moss for your growing. Take into account your mushroom preferences and provide for different substrate needs (for example, shitake mushrooms prefer growing on logs). Make sure you have a good source of moisture installed for mushroom cultivation, like a drip system or misters above the mushrooms. Use mushroom cultures to "plant" mushrooms in your substrate.
Keep your mushroom cultures continuously moistened for the two weeks of the incubation period. Maintain a temperature of at least 60 degrees to support the mushrooms. For light-loving mushrooms, this will be accomplished for the most part through a greenhouse's natural use of sunlight. For mushrooms that need darkness, like portabello mushrooms, keep the greenhouse covered with greenhouse covers (available at greenhouse retailers and home and garden shops), and use humidifiers and electric heaters combined with the sprinkler system to maintain a humid, warm environment. Look for mushrooms within three weeks of planting cultures, and continue to support the growing environment after mushroom harvest. Colonies will keep blooming and continue your mushroom cultivation.