Sludge is developed from layers of organic material that accumulate on a pond as they age. This muck is a natural part of the aquatic ecosystem but can become a problem as it continues to grow heavier. There are several different treatments available to help reduce the risk of problems, including bacterial products, dredge and excavation.
Ponds are still aquatic habitats that are home to hundreds of various organisms. They are easily imbalanced and can begin to accumulate leaves, fish waste and other organic materials that can build to dangerous levels. This pond sludge brings in multiple environmental threats that can potentially destroy the otherwise important landscape.
Bacteria can be a powerful solution in breaking down the organic materials that build up in pond landscapes. Bacterial products are sold specifically for use in lakes and ponds to increase the efficiency and speed that microorganisms clean still waters. Use an elevated dose initially to begin the process and continue with smaller weekly doses. Follow all manufacturer instructions when applying bacterial products to natural environments, which can be easily upset by consumer misuse of the product.
Some wildlife areas require excavation to clean ponds that have become overflowing with pond muck. This is a quick solution for many pond owners but comes with high inherent risks of upsetting the ecosystem. This should only be done through profession draining excavation companies who will dig out the pond and refill it again. Contact local law makers and law enforcers because this option is prohibited for most pond owners.
Dredging is an expensive process in which the sediment at the bottom of the pond is loosened and pumped to a new location. This requires large machines designed specifically for this purpose. Always hire professions dredging companies instead of trying to begin this process on your own.
As organic compounds begin to decompose at the bottom of the pond, nutrients will be released in excessive levels into the aquatic environment. This can cause algae blooms to develop. There will be an increase in other unwanted bacterial or fungal threats and plant life. These can cause oxygen depletion and crowd out the natural fish and plant inhabitants. Upset ecosystems usually involve long-lasting consequences that are expensive and can take a long time for land owners to correct.