One of the most popular plants sold for household use is spider plants. These plants are highly resistant to disease and are not commonly affected by houseplant pests. They are relatively easy plants to grow and can adapt to a large variety of growing conditions. It is common for gardeners to take small cuttings from larger plants and transplant them into their own containers where the plant cutting will often flourish on its own.
Chlorophytum comosum, better known as the spider plant, is also known as St. Bernard's lily. This plant has some of the most diverse varieties in local horticulture, but can commonly be found in most plant nurseries. The largest provider of these cultivars for commercial sale is the national company known as Vittatum, which sells the plants to smaller greenhouses.
The spider plant is easily recognized by its close resemblance to long grass. The plant has large solid green leaves with white or yellow stripes. The plant produces long meristems from its base where smaller offshoots form.
Spider plants produce long meristems with flowers, which, after dying, form into tiny new spider plants. These plants can be easily removed, rooted and potted as entirely new plants. Under optimum conditions the spider will produce these smaller plants multiple times a year.
Soil and Fertilizer
Spider plants grow best in loamy soil with high mineral and water retention. They need a medium pH level with enough room for healthy aeration, commonly mixed with peat and pine bark. Spider plants do not need much fertilizer because of their high sensitivity to micronutrients. Fertilizers should be fluoride-free with low boron levels.
Spider plants in the home or office can thrive in a wide range of light, from bright windows to dimly lit corners. They are generally grown commercially with 1,000 foot-candles of light exposure, though they quickly adapt to common households which only have around 100 foot-candles of light present at any given time.