Normally, plants like a certain amount of water. With too much water, the plants can't breath and their roots start dying, which can cause root rot and a host of other problems. But some plants have adapted to water-soaked bogs and can be beautiful additions to a bog garden.
The bayberry is an evergreen plant. This plant grows much lower in bogs than it does on dryer land. The flowers are difficult to notice on this plant. The berries on this plant are gray and have a strong aroma. The Korean fir is a low-growing conifer found in boggy areas. This cylindrical plant is silvery-white, and the leaves are upturned. The inkberry is so named because it produces berries that are black like ink. The flowers are white and form in clusters.
The highbrush blueberry produces blueberries for which it is named. This plant has waxy leaves and is shaped like a bell. The flowers it produces are light pink. The leaves and stem are normally dark green, but they turn reddish during winter. The button bush produces white flowers that look like pincushions. The flowers are fragrant and tend to attract a variety of insects.
The snake bark maple is another boggy plant. This plant has a very slim silhouette. The bark of this tree is green, and the branches are upright. The leaves are thick and rubbery. The gray dogwood grows 10 to 15 feet tall. The leaves are a reddish purple. The flowers produced on the dogwood are small and form in clusters. They are creamy white and shaped like stars. The fruit is white and is frequently eaten by birds. The twin dogwood is a shrub that turns bright red in the winter. It produces white flowers that form in clusters. The Japanese maple can thrive in boggy environments. This plant has seven-lobbed, mid-green leaves. The leaves tend to turn bright red as the season changes.
The meadowsweet is a small shrub that produces white flowers that form clusters shaped like cones with medium-green leaves.
Sphagnum moss is so significant to bogs that many bogs would not exist without it. This moss is capable of forming in bogs because of its ability to absorb water. This type of moss is found in clumps and creates very cushiony mats. The leaves are very tiny and toothed.