Peppers are summertime vegetables and grow alongside other summer crops such as tomatoes, beans, corn and cucumbers. Pepper plants grow and mature slowly, but produce several flushes, or sets, of peppers in a given season. The plants require good moisture and nutrition levels during their growth.
Peppers come in a range of colors, sizes and shapes, with bell peppers offering the widest variety. Green peppers are usually bell peppers of a green variety, though red and yellow peppers are green before they mature. All peppers are warm-season crops and require full sun and warm temperatures for growth.
The University of Illinois states that peppers do best in quick-draining, moist and fertile soils that offer good nutritional support. Gardeners can mix organic or Miracle-Gro compost into the vegetable garden to give peppers this growing foundation.
Like many vegetables, peppers require an even balance of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium during their growth. Adding nutrition with the right blend of fertilizer, at the right time, increases a pepper plant's growth and eventual harvest. Restricting fertilizer may result in smaller, hotter peppers and a smaller pepper harvest.
Miracle-Gro for Peppers
Miracle-Gro sells a range of vegetable-specific plant foods and fertilizers. The company recommends Miracle-Grow Water Soluble Tomato Plant Food, Shake 'n Feed Continuous Release All Purpose Plant Food, Water Soluble All Purpose Plant Food or Watering Can Singles All Purpose Water Soluble Plant food for vegetables like peppers.
Peppers do best with at least two feedings during their growing season. The University of Illinois suggests a starter fertilizer during planting and a second feeding when the first flush of peppers sets.