Florida is a sunny coastal region where sprinklers go full time to keep up with plants' water needs. The types of grass that work there are different from those in a northern or cooler climate. Choosing Florida sod requires a little knowledge of the type of soil you have, the type of irrigation, how much maintenance you are willing to do and how large the area is.
St. Augustine Grass
St. Augustine is a blue-green grass that is widely grown as lawn in Florida. It is believed to have originated on the coasts of the Gulf of Mexico and the Mediterranean. It is very tolerant of salt and can even grow well in shade. It is resistant to most pests except chinch and some grubs. It requires average supplemental watering but has poor wear tolerance. The grass usually will go brown in the winter
Originally this grass was used as pasture grass for poor sandy soils. It is primarily a cover grass but is also used in lawns. The sod is tolerant of salt, poor soil, drought and shade, making it versatile.
Considered by some to be the most beautiful grass in the south, Zoysia grass is actually not widely grown in Florida. The sod is thick and uniform with fine dark-green blades. It does well in all types of soil. This grass is tolerant of wear and grows slowly, requiring less mowing. The maintenance demands of Zoysia are high. It needs lots of water, frequent fertilizing and insect control and recovers slowly from damage.
Bermuda grass is seen in athletic fields and stadiums. It is a bluish grass that is excellent for heavy wear and usage. It is a full-sun variety and does well in a variety of soils. It needs to be mowed twice per week, fertilized monthly and irrigated regularly.
This sod is excellent for overly wet areas. It will grow in light shade but prefers an acidic soil. Average mowing is just once a week and it has low overall maintenance needs. The sod make excellent erosion control but will crowd out any other species. The blades are blunt and thick and it is hardy, making it a good choice for parks, planting strips, golf course roughs and roadsides.