The Effect of Acidity on Shrub Growth

Overview

The various pH levels within soil and water affect the vitality of shrub growth. Soil acidity directly affects the way nutrients are absorbed within a plant---nutrients that are important to every physiological process that the plant experiences. Plants that are unable to absorb nutrients will experience stunted growth and a gradual death.

pH Level

All soils are measured by their acidity on a scale known as the pH scale. The scale ranges from 1 to 14 with 7 being neutral. Anything below 7 is considered acidic, while anything above is alkaline. Most shrubs need soil between 5.5 and 6.5 to properly thrive. Water tends to be more acidic in nature, causing moist soil with a lot of decomposing material and volcanic origins to be acidic. Drier soils containing sedimentary rocks are more alkaline.

Identification

Most gardening stores sell standard pH soil test kits that will help you determine the acidity level of your garden. Soil amendments are available on the market that can also help alter the pH levels within your garden.

Acidic Shrubs

Rhododendrons, mountain laurel, blueberry, azaleas, juniper and silver bell are all shrubs that naturally grow well in acidic soil. They require moist soil like loam that is able to retain moisture for long periods of time.

Alkaline Shrubs

There are various shrubs that grow well in alkaline or neutral soil. Some of these include lilac, snowberry, chokeberry, ninebark, viburnum, red twig dogwood, highbush cranberry, willow and forsythia.

Prevention/Solution

Amending soil levels to best suit your shrubs is possible. Soil pH is raised by introducing other substances into the environment. Compost topped with wood chip mulch can lower levels to increase acidity, while ground limestone or wood ashes will raise alkaline levels.

Keywords: pH levels, shrub nutrient troubleshooting, shrub soil acidity

About this Author

Jonathan Budzinski started his writing career in 2007. His work appears on websites such as eHow and WordGigs. Budzinski specializes in nonprofit topics, as he spent two years with Basic Rights Oregon and WomanSpace. He has received recognition as a Shining Star Talent Scholar in English while studying English at the University of Oregon.